Five formerly communist countries on the left-hand side of the scale have negative scores. That means left-wing homophobes outnumber right-wing homophobes in these countries. In other words, homophobic attitudes in Eastern Europe are not linked with right-wing attitudes.
Calculations are based on responses to two questions in the European Social Survey Round 4 (2008-2009): "To what extent do you agree or disagree with the statement that gays and lesbians should be free to live their own life as they wish?" and "In politics people sometimes talk of “left” and “right”. Where would you place yourself on the 0-10 scale, where 0 means the left and 10 means the right?".
A country’s score is determined by subtracting the average right-left placement of its tolerant people (those who answered “agree” or “agree strongly” to the first question) from the average right-left placement of its homophobes (those who answered “disagree” or “disagree strongly” to the first question).